Filed Under Butte

Orphan Girl Mine

Butte-Anaconda Historic District

From the time it was located in 1875 until it was purchased by Marcus Daly and associates in 1879, ownership of fractional shares in the Orphan Girl Mine changed hands faster than the ante in a poker game. The Orphan Girl eventually operated to a depth of over 3,000 feet. While not a huge producer according to Butte standards, by 1944 hardrock miners had removed a respectable 7,626,540 ounces of silver as well as lead and zinc from her depths. Cool temperatures between 55 and 65 degrees made the Orphan Girl—affectionately nicknamed “Orphan Annie” or “the Girl”—a desirable place to work unlike some “hot boxes” where temperatures could top 100 degrees. By the end of the 1920s, the Anaconda Company owned the Girl which operated until the 1950s. In 1965, the Girl became the site of the World Museum of Mining. Each year this unique museum hosts visitors from every continent, fulfilling its mission to preserve the history of mining and the rich cultural heritage of attendant mining communities.

Images

Orphan Girl Mine Orphan Girl Mine (PAc 91-51 B5 RollBS09M F20). Rear view of the mine property, facing south to southeast towards the Orphan Girl Headframe and Hoist House near the center of mining operations. B&W. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office from the Photograph Archives at the Montana Historical Society Creator: Brian Shovers Date: 1984
Orphan Girl Mine Orphan Girl Mine (PAc 91-51 B5 RollBS09M F22). Front to side view of the mine property, facing north to northeast with a view of the Orphan Girl Headframe. B&W. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office from the Photograph Archives at the Montana Historical Society Creator: Brian Shovers Date: 1984
Orphan Girl Mine Orphan Girl Mine (PAc 91-51 B5 RollBS09M F23). Front view of the mine property, facing north to northwest with the Orphan Girl Headframe in the background. This site serves as the World Museum of Mining. B&W. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office from the Photograph Archives at the Montana Historical Society Creator: Brian Shovers Date: 1984
World Museum of Mining with view of Orphan Girl Mine Headframe Still image capture of the World Museum of Mining with a view of the Orphan Girl Headframe in the background. Image information drawn from related images in the Orphan Girl files at the State Historic Preservation Office. Information is not recorded on print verso. b&w print. Source: Official records of the Montana State Historic Preservation Office, Helena, Montana Creator: Unidentified photographer Date: ca. 1950-1965

Location

West of Butte, Montana | Private

Metadata

The Montana National Register Sign Program, “Orphan Girl Mine,” Historic Montana, accessed February 9, 2023, https://historicmt.org/items/show/36.