Filed Under Miles City

Fort Keogh Historic District

The New Deal’s National Recovery Administration provided funds for the construction of several significant buildings at the fort in the 1930s. These included a dairy barn, milk house, cattle sheds, and this large horse barn. Designed and built in 1934 by the U.S. Bureau of Animal Husbandry at a cost of more than $13,000, the sprawling frame building featured a clerestory roof with overhead storage loft, seven box stalls, and twenty-five double-tie stalls. The barn served the Morgan, Belgian, and Thoroughbred horse-breeding research program, which included studies on feeding, breeding, and reproduction. Early equine research at Fort Keogh helped develop successful semen collection procedures and modern artificial insemination techniques for horses. The horse research program ended in 1964. The barn has since accommodated beef cattle research programs focusing on reproductive physiology studies. Although the interior has undergone considerable renovation, it has always served as the Fort Keogh working cowboys’ headquarters. The first lights turned on in the early morning are almost always those in the “horse” barn as the cowboys arrive for work.

Click here to tour the district.

Images

Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. One of the two officers' quarters located near the station's east entrance gate, view to the north. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. Officers' quarters at Range Rider Museum, view to the northwest. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. Cabin at Custer Flats Line Camp, view to the southwest. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. The 1934 residence on the north quadrant of the parade grounds, view to the north. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. Cabin at the Lone Pine Camp, view to the northwest. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. View of the parade ground looking west. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. The Custer Flats Line Camp, view to the west. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. Cabin at the Range Unit No. 2 Line Camp, view to the north. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. Lone Pine Line Camp, view to the southeast. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. Stone bridge at the original entrance which may date from the original Fort construction, view to the southeast. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. 1906 wagon shed, view to the southeast. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. One of the two garages dating from the 1920's or 1930's, view to the west. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991
Fort Keogh Historic District Fort Keogh Historic District. Section of the sidewalk on the southwest quadrant of the parade grounds, view to the northwest. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Paul Anderson Date: Oct. 1991

Location

243 Fort Keogh Road, Miles City, Montana | Private

Metadata

The Montana National Register Sign Program, “Fort Keogh Historic District,” Historic Montana, accessed November 28, 2022, https://historicmt.org/items/show/272.