Filed Under Helena

Cogswell Building

Montana State Capitol Campus Historic District

Following World War II, Montana’s growing state agencies desperately needed all types of space. Consequently, in 1946 the Montana State Postwar Planning and Construction Commission recommended building a laboratory where all testing for state government programs could take place. To meet the need, Helena architect Vincent H. Walsh designed a W-shaped, three-story structure. However, lack of funding delayed construction and altered Walsh’s original design, ultimately eliminating the middle wing and third story. When the new State Laboratory finally opened in 1955, it housed the Highway Department’s Testing Division and the Board of Health’s Divisions of Bacteriology, Health Education, Public Health Nursing, and Disease Control. Almost immediately the State Laboratories Commission—created in 1945 to assess state agencies’ “present and future laboratory” needs—declared the space insufficient. Their concerns were not addressed until 1981, after the Great Falls firm of Davidson & Kuhr designed the modern addition that sits between the original two wings. In 1964, the state dedicated the building to Dr. William F. Cogswell, who served from 1912 to 1946 as the Executive Secretary of the State Board of Health.

Images

Cogswell Building
Cogswell Building Cogswell Building. View of the side entry to the building, facing southeast to east on near the corner of Lockey Avenue and Roberts Street. Digital photograph. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Photographer unidentified Date: 2006
Cogswell Building
Cogswell Building Cogswell Building. View of the main entry on Lockey Avenue, facing east to southeast from the main sidewalk. Digital photograph. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Photographer unidentified Date: 2006
Cogswell Building
Cogswell Building Cogswell Building. View of the side entry to the east of the building, facing south to southwest near the corner of Lockey Avenue and North Sanders Street. Digital photograph. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Photographer unidentified Date: 2006
Cogswell Building
Cogswell Building Cogswell Building. View of the rear entry of the building, facing north on Broadway Street. Digital photograph. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Photographer unidentified Date: 2006
Cogswell Building
Cogswell Building Cogswell Building. View to the west of the rear entry of the building, facing north on Broadway Street. Digital photograph. Source: Montana State Historic Preservation Office Creator: Photographer unidentified Date: 2006

Location

1401 East Lockey Avenue, Helena, Montana | Public

Metadata

Montana National Register Sign Program, “Cogswell Building,” Historic Montana, accessed May 30, 2024, https://historicmt.org/items/show/2719.